Barragers Cleaners & Fire Restoration

Some Fundamentals

  • Stains should be treated as soon as possible to avoid damage to the fabric.
  • The longer a stain remains in a fabric the more difficult it is to remove.
  • Please note that if you do not know what the stains is or if you are having trouble removing the stain at home, please bring it in to your fabric care specialist.
  • When removing stains at home, work slowly and check your work frequently.
  • Be aware that a stain may behave differently depending on the fiber content, dye, finish and construction of the fabric.

A crash course...

Depending on the type, stains require either dry-side and/or wet-side stain removal treatment.

  • Dry-side
    • “Dry-side” stain removal agents come in the form of cleaning fluids or powders.
    • They do not contain any water.
    • They are effective on oil-based stains, such as rouge, mascara, foundation, ball point ink, rubber base adhesives, cooking and motor oil, tar, and cooking grease to name a few.
    • This type of stain removal will have no impact on stains that need to be dissolved in water.
    • Solvent-based products can be purchased at your local super market
  • Wet-side
    • “Wet-side” stains are water-based-it takes some form of water to remove these stains.
    • These types of stains include soft drinks, milk, ice cream, wine, coffee, tea, mustard, and grass to name a few.
  • A little of both
    • Some stains need to dissolve partially in cleaning fluid and partially in water - such as lipstick.
    • When conducting both types of stain removal always do the "dry" procedure first.
    • Other items which need both dry and wet treatment include shoes polish, gravy, paint, and salad dressing to name a few.

Remember some stains need to be chemically changed before they are removed - such as dried on blood, paint or egg. In these cases it is safer for your clothes if you let a fabric care specialist take of them - just bring them in and we'll remove them.

Stain Removal Rules

You are now ready to roll up your sleeves and tackle some stains, but be sure to remember these five rules while you're working.

Rule One:

  • Always test for color fastness before applying any stain removal agent.
  • Blot a small amount of the agent on an inconspicuous area of the garment with a white cloth.
  • If any traces of dye appear on the cloth, do not use that agent. It is not safe to use on the garment.

Rule Two:

  • The longer a stain remains in the fabric, the harder it will be to remove, so act quickly.

Rule Three:

  • Blot stains- never rub or brush the stained area. This may damage the fabric.
  • Work from the outside edge of the stain toward its center so that a ring will not form around the stained area.

Rule Four:

  • Do not use more chemicals than you need.

Rule Five:

  • Place absorbent materials such as white towels or white paper towels under the stained area to absorb the stain and prevent it from spreading.
  • Change the position of the absorbent material to provide a clean area beneath the stain as necessary.

Stain Removal Methods

In the following list, look up the type of stain on the list, then follow the guide. Complete one step at a time. If the stain appears to be removed after only one or two steps. ..stop! Remember, if you are in doubt take your stained garments to a professional.

1. Blood, chocolate, egg, ice cream, milk, baby formula, vomit, perspiration :

  • Blot with water.
  • Use an enzyme detergent.
  • If the stain is still there use ammonia.
  • If the stain remains use hydrogen peroxid

2. Coffee, tea, mustard, wine, soft drinks, tomato sauce, soy sauce:

  • Blot with water.
  • Use a mild synthetic detergent.
  • If the stain remains use vinegar.
  • If the stain still remains use hydrogen peroxides.

3. Butter, furniture polish, grease, lip-stick, foundation, make-up, mayonnaise:

  • Blot with dry cleaning solvent.
  • If the stain is still visible use a mild synthetic detergent.
  • If that doesn't work, try ammonia.

4. Candle wax, crayon, chewing gum, paint:

  • Blot with solvent.
  • If any staining material remains treat area with a mild synthetic detergent and ammonia.
  • The last traces of colour matter may be removed with bleach .

Additional Tips

The following stains require a special procedure for removal.

1 . Ballpoint pen:

  • Apply dry cleaning solvent.
  • Blot until all bleeding stops, move towel as needed to absorb ink.
  • If the stain remainstreat itwith a mild synthetic detergent and house hold ammonia.

2. Mildew

  • Usually requires washing with chlorine bleach.
  • Be sure to test for colour fastness before using even on white garments.
  • Never use bleach on silk,wool,nylon or spandex.

3. Nail Polish

  • Never use this method on acetate fibres.
  • Be sure to test for color fastness before proceeding .
  • Blot the stain with acetone, moving the stained area as the towel absorbs the nail polish.

Materials Needed

1.Dry cleaning solvent:

  • Look for products that contain petroleum solvent, petroleum hydrocarbon or petroleum distillate.
  • Remember to follow the manufacturer's instructions for use.
  • Work in awell-ventilated area .
  • Never put garments with dry cleaning fluid on them in the washer or dryer.

2.Mild synthetic washing detergent:

  • 1 tbsp. per cup of warm water.

3.Household ammonia:

  • 1 tsp. per cup of water.

4.White vinegar:

  • 1 part vinegar to 3 parts of water.


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